In SAP SD you can define the customer hierarchy levels and assign them to individual customers. Customer hierarchy can be used, e.g. during setting prices, because the price can be set for different levels of the hierarchy or for specific hierarchy node and then system will automatically apply right price to customers who are assigned to that hierarchy. In this case, there is no need to enter a price for every customer individually.
Data in sales documents are taken from the data set per customer-material. If such entry does not exist then the data are taken from the customer master data , and if there is no entry then the data are taken from the material master data. Sometimes, business partner refers to a specific material with his own name (rather than technical name) in purchase order. Customer-Material Info Record enables You to map customer material name with SAP material code.
Functionality of SAP CRA is focused on analysis and control of credit risks linked directly to your counterparties.The main control tools are the transactional limits. These limits enable you to monitor risk exposure on different risk factors linked to your counterparties, legal entities or even certain portfolios and internal traders.
Credit Memo Request is a document used to create Credit Memo. Before the credit memo is created in the system, the Credit Memo Request should be created (with ref. to the sales order). Credit Memo Request is a place where we can define the values before and after correction, enter the reason for the request, the data to be corrected and then save the document. Credit Memo Request does not generate any account postings and it can be used to verify the Credit Memo Request before Credit Memo is created. As long as the person responsible does not approve the Credit Memo Request for further processing, it can be blocked for billing. Only after unblocking Credit Memo Request we have an ability to create Credit Memo with account postings.
Credit Management allows to impose a credit limit up to which the business partners can place orders. It is able to define what consequences a negative check should have (e.g. block further orders or block partner account).
Indicates the origin of incurred costs. There are two types of costs elements: primary and secondary.
Tree structure representing all cost centers belonging to a controlling area. It is based on the company’s structure.
Indicates the origin of incurred costs. It is used to collect costs at different levels of organisational structure.
Controlling area is an organizational unit separated from operating concern. It may contain one or more company codes. All company codes assigned to the same controlling area must have the same Chart of Accounts.
List of all general ledger accounts used in the system. Each account has a number, descripption, information about type of account and field status variant, that determines the information supplemented while posting on the GL account.
Criteria used in Profitability Analisys (CO-PA) in analysis of the company’s operating results. The combination of the characteristics values is called a Profitability Segment that provides information about products, clients, sales etc. Characteristics are essential in entity’s profitability analysis.