Encyclopedia Archive - Page 2 of 3 - BPX

Portfolio Analyzer

SAP Portfolio Analyzer is a set of tools dedicated to multidimensional analysis of transaction / portfolio effectiveness and profitability. It allows you to calculate and measure ROI in several ways (TWRR, MWRR) or to compare the realized results with the beforehand planned targets or with the self-constructed or market benchmarks.


The plant plays a major role in logistics and sales. When we create, process, produce or transport an item, the system automatically determine the related plant of item’s master data. Without a specific plant, any process connected with the item is not possible to process in the system.

Periodic reposting

Periodic reposting is executed at the end of a period to allocate costs from cost centers to other SAP CO objects.

Overhead costs

Expenses that are incured by functioning of the business but cannot be directy associated with products manufactured by the entity.

Operating concern

This is the highest level in raporting structure in SAP CO that is used to structure and segment the market. You can analize values from CO-PA (Profitability Analisys) at this level.

Money Market

In the area of Money Market you may process transactions concluded on the most popular financial instrument from all over the world. Among these instruments there are: deposits on fixed / floating interest rate, deposits at notice, commercial papers, credits and credit lines. SAP supports you with handling end-to-end processing of the money market transactions – starting with their creation, through settlement, and execution of postings and obligatory period end processing (currency valuation, interest accruals).

Material hierarchy

In the standard version of SAP system, the product hierarchy consists of up to three levels. That enables you to use it for pricing or statistical analysis. You can also set product structure, for example  A-Lotion-500BOT which means that it is a lotion of A brand in 500 ml bottle.

Material determination

SAP system gives the opportunity to set the automatic substitution of material numbers in sales documents during process. By this option, SAP can substitutes specific material with your own numbers, with EANs or during the specified period.

Market Risk Analyzer

SAP Market Risk Analyzer is as set of complementary tools to analyse market risk based on current market data and the concluded financial deals stored in SAP Transaction Manager. The solution also enables you to process “What-if scenario” analysis (Sensitivity analysis) based on pre-defined market criteria like interest rate fluctuation, bonds profitability and many other market factors including commodity prices or FX rates.

Mandatory fields

SAP system provides three types of fields:

  • filled in automatically,
  • optional,
  • mandatory.

Until the required field is not completed the system does not allow us to go further.


By creating a list of materials for a particular customer, we can enable him to order only those materials, that have been included in the list.

Line item

Specific items of the document, which define what elements (cost or revenue) consists of the document.


SAP system allows you to create, change, display and cancel invoices. Furthermore, invoices can be done automatically. Besides creating a single invoice SAP is also able to create collective invoice.

Internal order

Internal orders are used to plan, collect and settle the costs of internal activities of the entity. The SAP system enables monitoring of internal orders with standard reports. They are created to control costs of internal activities.

Incompletion log

In SD module there is an incompletion log. Incompletion log is a functionality, which allow the user to check what kind of data are required, but missing in the sales document. Incompletion log allows to get into the proper field that should be filled in the document.

House Bank

Bank with which the company code has the bank accounts. Created in SAP system bank keeps key information about the bank (country, financial institution’s name, address, IBAN, SWIFT number). Each bank is created in the system with a unique ID.

Home Banking

Facility system to securely access funds, account information and other banking services through a computer over the wide area of network or internet.

General Ledger

Basic Book which collects economic events occurring in the enterprise with the division into general ledger account.

Free goods

SAP system provides the ability to implement discount in nature, which means that after configuration, system automatically calculate how much extra goods should appear in the sales order.

Foreign Exchange

In terms of the FX market, SAP offers you full support of processing:

  • FX Spots,
  • FX Forwards,
  • NDFs and FX Swaps.

As with Money Market instruments, SAP supports complete end-to-end processing of the currency transactions – including currency valuation of FX Forwards (which may be processed in one of several ways – manually entered forward rates, spot rates on valuation date, interpolated rate or even on a basis of manually entered NPV).

Fixed assets classes

Each entity records the assets held by groups. This is due to legal and tax purposes. SAP also is reflected and defined group of assets. It is the most important division inside the module FI-AA. Group’s assets also play a role purely technical, as determined displayed in the data record information assets and depreciation of basic data (eg. A group of “Transport” will be available to complete the “Vehicle registration number” and a group of “Assets under construction “will not be amortized. For each group of assets is assigned a range of numbers, which allows for easy identification of an individual component in its issue number.

Field status group

Field status variant determines which fields are shown or required when creating data records.


By creating list of excluded materials and assigning it to a specific customer, we can prevent ordering those materials by this customer.

Enjoy transactions

The transaction, which allows the posting of SAP entire document using only one screen.


Elixir is a standard system for interbank clearings in Poland allowing to make payments between all banks. Net settlement system is operated by the Polish clearing house KIR and is used for standard payments, all ZUS (social insurance) and  tax payments.

Document type

A special type of document that is used to enter into the SAP system different kinds of information. A separate type of document is created for suppliers, customers, materials, plant and equipment, command postings to the general ledger accounts.

Document flow

Document flow contains information about the created documents related to each other within the executed process. From the document flow, we are able to see what has been done in the process and preview the details of displaying documents directly from the document flow.

Document feader

The main part of the document. It specifies the date of issue of the document, posting date, document type, VAT, supplier or recipient, terms of payment, form of payment

Distribution cycle

A process executed at the end of a period used to allocate primary costs to SAP CO objects. Senders are debited with a primary cost element.

Determining a partner

Partners in SAP SD correspond to different types of customers. In SAP they are represented by group account. Roles of partner are assigned to specific group accounts (eg. sold-to party, payer, bill-to party, goods recipient). Depending on  system configuration and customer master data, while creating sales order in the sales process, system can automatically determine the appropriate roles we partner. Often in the sales process often another customer is responsible for the order to another location and another customer is invoiced. Thanks to the determination of a partner in the system, we are able to reflect these relationships in a simple way.


Derivatives are a group of financial instruments that are mostly used for hedging purposes. Derivatives supported by SAP may cover currency and interest rate risk linked to external risk exposures. SAP allows processing a wide spectrum of derivatives – starting with very standard and popular Swaps (IRS, CIRS), through CAPs and FLOORs up to many different options (vanilla, barrier, Asian) and option strategies.

Depreciation key

Depreciation key defines the amount of depreciation.It is assigned to each asset in its basic data. This enables automatic calculation of the depreciation of each asset.

Debt Management

SAP may help you with comprehensive processing of debt instruments that allow a company to raise extra capital from the market. By offering a good price to the market a company has an outstanding opportunity to get some money from another source than the banks. SAP functionality fully supports the process of security issuance.

Customer hierarchy

In SAP SD you can define the customer hierarchy levels and assign them to individual customers. Customer hierarchy can be used, e.g. during setting prices, because the price can be set for different levels of the hierarchy or for specific hierarchy node and then system will automatically apply right price to customers who are assigned to that hierarchy. In this case, there is no need to enter a price for every customer individually.

Customer – material inforecord

Data in sales documents are taken from the data set per customer-material. If such entry does not exist then the data are taken from the customer master data , and if there is no entry then the data are taken from the material master data. Sometimes, business partner refers to a specific material with his own name (rather than technical name) in purchase order. Customer-Material Info Record enables You to map customer material name with SAP material code.

Credit Risk Analyzer

Functionality of SAP CRA is focused on analysis and control of credit risks linked directly to your counterparties.The main control tools are the transactional limits. These limits enable you to monitor risk exposure on different risk factors linked to your counterparties, legal entities or even certain portfolios and internal traders.